At Avlieota Street, previously called Gospitalnaya Street, there is Cathedral of the Holy Assumption (Svyato-Uspenskiy Cathedral), an orthodox cathedral of Tashkent. One can hardly not admire view of its golden domes on the background of a bright dark-blue evening sky. The Cathedral was built in 1879 and then it was a small church next to Gospitalniy Cemetery (“near hospital”). Within time, more and more congregations visited the church and it was decided to construct new building. The cathedral was built on donations from the congregations.
During the times of scientific atheism, there used to be a warehouse and a hospital garage in the church. Yet, after the war, services renewed. In 15 years, the church was restored as a historical monument. Since 1990, despite the complications in economy and politics, renovation works started in the cathedral, it became bigger and more beautiful. Two years ago, thirteen new bells have started to ring from the Cathedral belfry. These bells were made in Moscow bell-founding factory and brought to Tashkent. It should be pointed out that they were made following ancient technologies which had been collected and restored from old books and notes by many modern masters. The largest bell is 8 tons in weight, the smallest is only 4 kilos.
Today, in the building of royal hospital there is a theological seminary. On the territory of the cathedral there is also consecrated water site and delubrum. The whole complex is surrounded by fences with stone gates, there are benches and fountain inside, and flowers everywhere. At Easter, Tashkent believers come here to consecrate Easter cakes, participate in vespers and enjoy amazing action – a cross procession. Peace of the believers is protected by special services. Inside the church, walls are decorated with rich ornament, frescos and cut-glass chandelier. Ancient icons, ark with particle of the Life-giving Cross of the Lord, holy relics of Kyiv Caves Reverend Fathers are found in the cathedral.
Sacred objects of the Cathedral are:
“Iverskaya” or “Vratarnitsa” Icon of the Holy Mother of Lord. It was painted in 1904 in Russian Holy Payneleymon Monastery on Holy Mount Athos.
Icon of Assumption of the Holy Virgin Mary. Was brought to the cathedral in 1904.
“Skoroposlushnitsa” (“She Who is Quick to Hear”) Icon of the Holy Mother of Lord. It was painted in 1984 in Russian Holy Payneleymon Monastery on Holy Mount Athos.
Icon of the Holy Virgin Mary by Fedorov. It was a gift to the cathedral in 1957 by His Holiness Patriarch Alexis I on the occasion of the cathedral consecration.
Icon of Holy Hierarch Vasiliy the Great, archbishop of Kessaria Kappodokiyskaya. It was brought to the cathedral in 1904.
Icon of Holy Hierarch St. Niche the Wonderworker. It was painted in about 1884 and in 1948 it was a gift from His Holiness Patriarch Alexis I.
Icon of the Great Martyr Paynteleymon. It was brought in 1897 from Ashkhabad for Tashkent St. Panteleymon Church.
Tashkent Cathedral in one of the favorite places of townspeople regardless of their religious believes. White and blue golden domed cathedral is welcoming and kind, all-forgiving as the Christianity itself. For all those, who drive past it in cars, it is shines with expostulation as if saying: “Remember…” And when, often by occasion, we appear near it and enter the cathedral, we smell the aroma of candles and incense, we do not want to leave…