Since the ancient times till the present day territory of Uzbekistan (Sogdiana, Khorezm and Mawarannahr) has always been a place of discovery for foreigners. Security and freedom of movement of merchants and pilgrims always were a matter of national importance for any dynasties and reigns. The famous «Eastern Hospitality” is not just meaningless words — it’s a philosophy that goes back to ancient times. Today Uzbekistan invites guests to visit its ancient monuments and cities situated on the route of the Great Silk Road and to feel the atmosphere of antiquity. Enjoy the unique experience of architecture in Samarkand, its glorious and brilliant history. You will see the beauty of Bukhara that captures the imagination of travelers for many centuries. You can visit the mysterious and ancient Khiva, Khorezm, the homeland of Zoroastrism, it is on its territory were written the first great Gats of the Avesta.
You will see amazing and diverse nature of Central Asia, mountains, rivers, deserts, oases. All of this land Uzbekistan shows to the guests with a great generosity and pride.
Secular state of Uzbekistan organically combines ancient and modern, offering its guests a choice between the exotic and European comfort, or can successfully combine both.
Uzbekistan is the ‘land of the Uzbeks’, forms the very centre of Central Asia. For its alone boarders each of the new independent republics — Kazakhstan to the north, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to the east and southeast, Turkmenistan to the southwest, as well as Afghanistan to the south. The Uzbeks remain a clear majority in the republic, accounting for over 80 per cent of the total population of 28 million. Most of Uzbekistan territory of 447,400 square kilometres (roughly the size of Sweden) lies between the two major rivers of Central Asia, the Syr Darya (Jaxartes) and the Amu Darya (Oxus).
Uzbekistan’s blend of desert, steppe, oasis and valley places it at the heart of the complex interaction of nomadic Uzbek culture and oasis settlement that patterns the history of Central Asia.
Steppe and desert plains account for two thirds of Uzbekistan, with the remainder of the country rising into the foothills and mountains of the western Tian Shan and Gissaro-Alay ranges in the east and southeast, where peaks along the borders of Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan reach to 4,500 metres (14,750 feet). Uzbekistan mountains are ones of the beautifull in the world. Its location between two major rivers of Uzbekistan has always ensured commercial and cultural prominence.
The rich architectural inheritance of Uzbekistan is endowed with some of the most audacious buildings in the Islamic world. Architecture of Uzbekistan is famous by constructions as madrassah, mosque, mausoleum, khanagha (hotel for dervishes), hammam (Turkish bath) and caravan-serai (hotel for travelers) with decorated minarets, pattered portals, conical arches and turquoise domes.
They are the legacy of a series of Central Asian rulers from the Turkic holders to Tamerlane to the Khivan khans , who created breathtaking Uzbek monuments to their own immortality in an attempt to leave enduring mark on restless nomadic lands. The heavy swell of a melon dome, the graceful arch of a madrassah portal and the bold silhouette of a towering minaret form some of the most evocative images a traveller will carry away with him and sound the clearest echoes of past splendour.
Uzbekistan culture is oriental fairy tale book that looks forward to its readers!
Architecture of Uzbekistan is characterized by amazing buildings such as caravan-serais or hotels for travelers. Here tired travelers with a huge caravan of horses, camels and donkeys could make a stop after long travel. From old times on the territory of Uzbekistan dervishes, pilgrims who traveled from one holy place to another used special hotels called khanagha. Religious travelers or palmers could spend the night in khanagha (or khanaka) without payment. So Uzbekistan culture became more impregnated day by day.
Rich archaeological remains in the area preserve an intriguing mix of Hellenistic, Buddhist and Scythian influences in the laconic desert castles of Khorezm and Bactria and trace a development to the rich Sogdian palaces and wall paintings of Varakhsha and Afrosiyab. But it was the arrival of Islam in the eighth century and its alien synthesis of styles that transformed the face of Central Asia as much as its soul.
In addition to beautiful landscapes and great history of Uzbekistan, it is also the world’s fourth-largest cotton nation, world’s seventh-largest gold producer and harbours significant reserves of oil and natural gas, as well as uranium, silver, copper, zinc, coal and lead. Other mainstays of uzbek economy include fruit and vegetables, animal husbandry and textiles, but it is the republic’s mineral wealth that most excites foreign investors.
Most travellers arrive in Uzbekistan in summer to bake in a dry country aptly termed ‘the sunny republic’, as every year brings over 300 days of sunshine and 300 millimeters (12 inches) of rainfall. Travelling to Uzbekistan is most pleasant from the brief spring that dusts the desert with floral colour until early June and from September to early November. The burning heat of summer is offset by low humidity, relatively cool evenings and bazaar stalls crowded with fresh fruit, and winter too is dry and sunny.